Concessions were agreed in a note that, a year later, consisted of six points. The agreement was followed by the admission of Japanese students to public schools. The adoption of the 1907 agreement spurred the arrival of “image marriages,” women who were closed remotely by photos. [11] The creation of distant marital ties allowed women who wanted to emigrate to the United States to obtain a passport, and Japanese workers in America were able to earn a partner of their own nationality. [11] As a result of this provision, which helped to reduce the gender gap in the Community, from a ratio of 7 men per woman in 1910 to less than 2 to 1 in 1920, japan`s population continued to grow despite the immigration restrictions imposed by the agreement. The gentlemen`s agreement was never enshrined in a law passed by the U.S. Congress, but it was an informal agreement between the United States and Japan, which was implemented by unilateral action by President Roosevelt. It was repealed by the Immigration Act of 1924, which prohibits all Asians from immigrating to the United States. [12] Let me begin by rejoicing in the laborious Thoroness and the admirable temperament with which you have gone in the case of the treatment of the Japanese on the coast. I had a conversation with the Japanese ambassador before leaving for Panama; read to him what I had to say in my annual message, which he obviously liked very much; and told him that, in my view, the only way to avoid permanent friction between the United States and Japan was to limit as much as possible the movement of citizens from each country to each other to students, travellers, businessmen and others; As no American worker tried to enter Japan, the need was to prevent all immigration of Japanese workers – that is, from the Coolie class – to the United States; that I really hoped that his government would prevent his coolies, all their workers, from coming to either the United States or Hawaii. He was strongly committed to this view and said that he had always opposed Japanese coolies going to America or Hawaii… I hope my message will calm their feelings for the government to tacitly stop all immigration of coolies into our country.

Anyway, I will do my best to achieve it. Tensions in San Francisco had increased, and since Japan`s decisive victory, Japan sanitized against Russia in 1905, demanding equal treatment from Japan. The result was a series of six notes communicated between Japan and the United States from late 1907 to early 1908. The immediate cause of the agreement was anti-Japanese nativism in California. In 1906, the San Francisco Board of Education passed a decree requiring children of Japanese descent to attend separate and separate schools.