The British Parliament passes a law obliging the British government to request a postponement of Brexit if there is no agreement with the EU before 19 October 2019. The new relationship between the EU and the UK will start provided that an agreement has been reached and approved by the EU Member States, the European Parliament and the British Parliament. In accordance with Rule 50, the outgoing Member State shall not take part in the votes on its withdrawal. Therefore, the United Kingdom will not participate in the Council`s vote on VA. The UK has started formal withdrawal negotiations by formally announcing to the European Council its intention to leave the EU. The receipt of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from fresh to hostile and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May won a no-confidence motion against her own party, but the EU refused to accept further changes. After years of political disagreement and drama, the British Parliament has adopted a comprehensive withdrawal agreement from the EU. Prime Minister Boris Johnson wants to sever all ties with the Bloc, said Barbara Wesel of DW. (20.12.2019) The UK`s exit from the EU on 31 January was set in stone at a historic moment for the nation, when MPs ratified the withdrawal agreement in Brussels before breaking into a transfer of Auld Lang Syne. On 17 October 2019, the United Kingdom and the EU agreed on the conditions for the United Kingdom`s exit from the EU (Brexit) and on a transitional period until 31 December 2020.
The UK government and the other 27 EU member states approve the draft agreement. The Withdrawal Agreement entered into force on 1 February 2020, after being agreed on 17 October 2019 with the Political Declaration establishing the framework for the future EU-UK partnership. The EU and the UK reach a provisional agreement. It provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which all EU rules will continue to apply. It also covers the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland. With regard to the Irish border issue, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is annexed to the agreement and defines a return case position that will only enter into force in the absence of evidence of other effective arrangements before the end of the transitional period. If this is the case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s external common law and Northern Ireland will remain in the internal market aspects until such a manifestation is achieved. None of the parties can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are necessary.  As soon as an agreement has been concluded, the Commission recommends that the Council sign and indicates whether it considers the agreement to be mixed or not.
The agreement then goes through a process called “legal scrubbing” and “translation” to obtain a final version of the text. The new relationship will only be clear when negotiations are completed, at the end of the transition period. The new agreements will enter into force after the transitional period ending on 31 December 2020. EU countries must first approve these new agreements. If the UK and the EU fail to reach an agreement, there will be a No Deal Brexit. This will be done at the end of the transition period. After the British House of Lords took place on the 22nd the law obtained the Queen`s royal approval on 1 January of the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act. .