At the end of this historic summit, India and Pakistan signed the Lahore Declaration, a bilateral agreement and governance treaty that was to be ratified later in the same year by the parliaments of the two nations. As stated in the Simla Agreement 27 years earlier, the Lahore Declaration reaffirmed, inter alia, the need for a bilateral resolution of the Kashmir issue. While in Kashmir, only the “maintenance of the line of control” was the spokesman, a clause was added at India`s request that the two countries would only settle their differences by “peaceful means through bilateral negotiations or other mutually agreed peaceful means,” Guha writes. This theoretically excludes third-party mediation in Kashmir. According to historian Ramachandra Guha, India wanted a “comprehensive treaty to resolve all outstanding issues,” while Pakistan preferred a “piecemeal approach.” Although India wanted a treaty, it got a deal because of the hard deals made by the Pakistanis. [Reproduced from the text provided by the Embassy of India in Washington, D.C. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating into armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters, for example.B.
Avalanches suffered in 2010, 2012 and 2016. In 2001, at the invitation of Prime Minister Vajpayee, General Pervez Musharraf, then President of Pakistan, visited India on July 14-16 for a historic two-day summit in Agra. The summit is expected to result in a peace treaty that should allow for the withdrawal of troops and the return of prisoners of war after the 1971 war. The Delhi Agreement on the Repatriation of War and Civilian Internees is a tripartite agreement between the above-mentioned States, signed on 28 August 1973. The agreement was signed by Kamal Hossain, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Government of Bangladesh, Sardar Swaran Singh, Minister of Foreign Affairs of India, and Aziz Ahmed, Minister of State for Defence and Foreign Affairs of the Government of Pakistan.    Ashok K. Behuria replies: The simla agreement, which was signed on 2 July 1972 between India and Pakistan, it was a guide in which Pakistan undertook to resolve bilaterally all outstanding issues with India. The text of the agreement (point (ii) clearly stated that on 2 July 1972 the two countries reached an agreement. .